Publicaciones: Técnicas

Publicaciones: Técnicas

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre is a fully automated astronomical observatory particularly conceived for carrying out large sky surveys with two unprecedented telescopes of unusually large fields of view: the JST/T250, a 2.55m telescope of 3deg field of view, and the JAST/T80, an 83cm telescope of 2deg field of view. The most immediate objective of the two telescopes for the next years is carrying out two unique photometric surveys of several thousands square degrees, Javalambre Phtometry of the Accelerating universe Survey (J-PAS) and Javalambre Photometry of the Local Universe Survey (J-PLUS), each of them with a wide range of scientific applications, like e.g. large structure cosmology and dark energy, galaxy evolution, supernovae, Milky Way structure, among others. To do that, JST and JAST will be equipped with panoramic cameras under development within the J-PAS collaboration, JPCam and T80Cam respectively, which make use of large format ( 10k x 10k) CCDs covering the entire focal plane. This paper describes in detail, from operations point of view, the engineering development of the overall facilities and infrastructures for the robotic observatory and a global overview of current status pinpointing lessons learned in order to boost observatory operations performance achieving scientific targets, maintaining quality requirements but also minimizing resources, material and human resources. We also briefly introduce the Early Data Release (EDR) of J-PLUS, which is already freely accessible worldwide, and the first scientific papers. Finally, we show the next steps necessary for JST to perform the J-PAS project.

Publicación completa >>

The Javalambre Survey Telescope (JST/T250) is a wide-field 2.6 m telescope ideal for carrying out large sky photometric surveys from the Javalambre Astrophysical Observatory in Teruel, Spain. The most immediate goal of JST is to perform J-PAS, a survey of several thousands square degrees of the Northern sky in 59 optical bands, 54 of them narrow (˜ 145 Å FWHM) and contiguous. J-PAS will provide a low resolution photo-spectrum for every pixel of the sky, hence promising crucial breakthroughs in Cosmology and Astrophysics. J-PAS will be conducted with JPCam, a camera with a mosaic of 14 CCDs of 9.2k × 9.2k pix, more than 1200 Mpix and an effective FoV of 4.3 deg2 . Before JPCam is on telescope, the project will work in 2018 with an interim camera, JPAS-Pathfinder, with a reduced FoV of ˜ 0.6 × 0.6 deg2 to perform commissioning and the first JST science. This paper presents the current status and performance of the JST telescope, describing the commissioning and first science of the JPAS-Pathfinder at JST.

Publicación completa >>

Located at the Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre, the ’’Javalambre Auxiliary Survey Telescope’’ is an 80cm telescope with a unvignetted 2 square degrees field of view. The telescope is equipped with T80Cam, a camera with a large format CCD and two filter wheels which can host, at any given time, 12 filters. The telescope has been designed to provide optical quality all across the field of view, which is achieved with a field corrector. In this talk, I will review the commissioning of the telescope. The optical performance in the centre of the field of view has been tested with lucky imaging technique, providing a telescope PSF of 0.4’’, which is close to the one expected from theory. Moreover, the tracking of the telescope does not affect the image quality, as it has been shown that stars appear round even in exposures of 10minutes obtained without guiding. Most importantly, we present the preliminary results of science verification observations which combine the two main characteristics of this telescope: the large field of view and the special filter set.

Publicación completa >>

To carry out J-PAS survey, the JST/T250 telescope at the Observatorio Astrofósico de Javalambre (OAJ) is equipped with JPCam, a panoramic camera designed to exploit survey capabilities of the telescope. JPCam is a direct imaging instrument designed to work in a fast convergent beam at the telescope’s Cassegrain focus. It is based on state-of-the-art, high efficiency, low noise 9.2k-by-9.2k, 10μm pixel CCDs specially developed by e2v for JPCam. The instrument is equipped with a 1.2Gpixel mosaic of 14 CCDs providing a useful FoV of 4.7 deg2 (67% focal plane coverage) with a plate scale of 0.2267 arcsec/pix. Moreover, JPCam includes 12 auxiliary detectors for auto-guiding and wave front sensing purposes. JPCam is completed with an innovative set of 59 optical filters specifically designed to perform accurate BAO measurements, main science driver of J-PAS.

Publicación completa >>

The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerating Universe Astrophysical Survey (J-PAS; see Benítez et al. 2014) and the Javalambre-Photometric Local Universe Survey (J-PLUS) will be conducted at the brand-new Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ) in Teruel, Spain. J-PLUS is planned to start by the first half of 2015 while J-PAS first light is expected to happen along 2015. Besides the two main telescopes (with 2.5 m and 80 cm apertures), several smaller-sized facilities are present at the OAJ devoted to site characterization and supporting measurements to be used to calibrate the J-PAS and J-PLUS photometry and to feed up the OAJ's Sequencer with the integrated seeing and the sky transparency. These instruments are: i) an extinction monitor, an 11 " telescope estimating the atmospheric extinction to finally obtain the OAJ extinction curve, which is the initial step to J-PAS overall photometric calibration procedure; ii) an 8 " telescope implementing the Differential Image Motion Monitor (DIMM) technique to obtain the integrated seeing; and iii) an All-Sky Transmission MONitor (ASTMON), a roughly all-sky instrument providing the sky transparency as well as sky brightness and the atmospheric extinction too.

Publicación completa >>

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ) is a new astronomical facility located at the Sierra de Javalambre (Teruel, Spain) whose primary role will be to conduct all-sky astronomical surveys with two unprecedented telescopes of unusually large fields of view: the JST/T250, a 2.55 m telescope of 3 deg field of view, and the JAST/T80, an 83 cm telescope of 2 deg field of view. CEFCA engineering team has been designing the OAJ control system as a global concept to manage, monitor, control and maintain all the observatory systems including not only astronomical subsystems but also infrastructure and other facilities. Three main factors have been considered in the design of a global control system for the robotic OAJ: quality, reliability and efficiency. We propose CIA (Control Integrated Architecture) design and OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) as a key performance indicator in order to improve operation processes, minimizing resources and obtain high cost reduction maintaining quality requirements. Here we present the OAJ robotic control strategy to achieve maximum quality efficiency for the observatory surveys, processes and operations, giving practical examples of our approach.

Publicación completa >>

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre consists of two main telescopes: JST/T250, a 2.5 m telescope with a FoV of 3 deg, and JAST/T80, a 83 cm with a 2 deg FoV. JST/T250 will be devoted to complete the Javalambre-PAU Astronomical Survey (J-PAS). It is a photometric survey with a system of 54 narrow-band plus 3 broad-band filters covering an area of 8500°^2. The JAST/T80 will perform the J-PLUS survey, covering the same area in a system of 12 filters. This contribution presents the software and hardware architecture designed to store and process the data. The processing pipeline runs daily and it is devoted to correct instrumental signature on the science images, to perform astrometric and photometric calibration, and the computation of individual image catalogs. In a second stage, the pipeline performs the combination of the tile mosaics and the computation of final catalogs. The catalogs are ingested in as Scientific database to be provided to the community. The processing software is connected with a management database to store persistent information about the pipeline operations done on each frame. The processing pipeline is executed in a computing cluster under a batch queuing system. Regarding the storage system, it will combine disk and tape technologies. The disk storage system will have capacity to store the data that is accessed by the pipeline. The tape library will store and archive the raw data and earlier data releases with lower access frequency.

Publicación completa >>

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ) is a new astronomical facility located at the Sierra de Javalambre (Teruel, Spain) whose primary role will be to conduct all-sky astronomical surveys. The main OAJ facilities are two wide-field telescopes: the JST/T250, a 2.55 m telescope with a 3° diameter FoV, and the JAST/T80, a 0.83 m telescope with a 2° diameter FoV. These telescopes are equipped with panoramic cameras that have been designed to exploit the survey capabilities of the OAJ telescopes. T80Cam will be mounted at the JAST/T80 and its large format CCD covers a large fraction of the JAST/T80 FoV with a pixel scale of 0.55"pix⁻¹. The JST/T250 will be equipped with JPCam, a 14-CCD mosaic camera using the new e2v 9k-by-9k, 10 μm pixel detectors, providing a pixel scale of 0.2"pix⁻¹. It is designed to perform the J-PAS, a BAO survey of the northern sky. The J-PAS survey will use 59 filters, 56 narrow-band filters (14.5 nm width) equi-spaced between 350 and 1000 nm plus 3 broad-band filters to achieve unprecedented photometric redshift accuracies for faint galaxies over 8500°² of sky. In this paper, the OAJ first light instrumentation is presented.

Publicación completa >>

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ) is a new Spanish astronomical facility particularly designed for carrying out large sky surveys. The OAJ is mainly motivated by the development of J-PAS, the Javalambre- PAU Astrophysical Survey, an unprecedented astronomical survey that aims to observe 8500 deg² of the sky with a set of 54 optical contiguous narrow-band filters (FWHM ~14 nm) and 5 mid and broad-band ones. J-PAS will provide a low resolution spectrum (R ~ 50) for every pixel of the Northern sky down to AB~22:5 - 23:5 per square arcsecond (at 5 σ level), depending on the narrow-band filter, and ~ 2 magnitudes deeper for the redder broad-band filters. The main telescope at the OAJ is the Javalambre Survey Telescope (JST/T250), an innovative Ritchey-Chrétien, alt-azimuthal, large-etendue telescope with a primary mirror diameter of 2.55m and 3 deg (diameter) FoV. The JST/T250 is the telescope devoted to conduct J-PAS with JPCam, a panoramic camera of 4.7 deg² FoV and a mosaic of 14 large format CCDs that, overall, amounts to 1.2 Gpix. The second largest telescope at the OAJ is the Javalambre Auxiliary Survey Telescope (JAST/T80), a Ritchey-Chrétien, German-equatorial telescope of 82 cm primary mirror and 2 deg FoV, whose main goal is to perform J-PLUS, the Javalambre Photometric Local Universe Survey. J-PLUS will cover the same sky area of J-PAS using the panoramic camera T80Cam with 12 filters in the optical range, which are specifically defined to perform the photometric calibration of J-PAS. The OAJ project officially started in mid 2010. Four years later, the OAJ is mostly completed and the first OAJ operations have already started. The civil work and engineering installations are finished, including the telescope buildings and the domes. JAST/T80 is at the OAJ undertaking commissioning tasks, and JST/T250 is in AIV phase at the OAJ. Related astronomical subsystems like the seeing and atmospheric extinction monitors and the all-sky camera are fully operative. This paper aims to present a brief description and status of the OAJ main installations, telescopes and cameras. The current development and operation plan of the OAJ in terms of staffing organization, resources, observation scheduling, and data archiving, is also described.

Publicación completa >>

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ) is a new astronomical facility located at the Sierra de Javalambre (Teruel, Spain) whose primary role will be to conduct all-sky astronomical surveys with two unprecedented telescopes of unusually large fields of view: the JST/T250, a 2.55m telescope of 3deg field of view, and the JAST/T80, an 83cm telescope of 2deg field of view. CEFCA engineering team has been designing the OAJ control system as a global concept to manage, monitor, control and maintain all the observatory systems including not only astronomical subsystems but also infrastructure and other facilities. In order to provide quality, reliability and efficiency, the OAJ control system (OCS) design is based on CIA (Control Integrated Architecture) and OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) as a key to improve day and night operation processes. The OCS goes from low level hardware layer including IOs connected directly to sensors and actuators deployed around the whole observatory systems, including telescopes and astronomical instrumentation, up to the high level software layer as a tool to perform efficiently observatory operations. We will give an overview of the OAJ control system design and implementation from an engineering point of view, giving details of the design criteria, technology, architecture, standards, functional blocks, model structure, development, deployment, goals, report about the actual status and next steps.

Publicación completa >>

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre have two main telescopes: JST/T250, a 2.5m 3deg FoV and JAST/T80 with 2deg FoV. From OAJ two surveys of 8500 square degrees will be carried out. J-PAS using 54 narrow and several broad band filters and J-PLUS using 12 filters. Both surveys will produce ~2.5 PB of data. This contribution presents the software and hardware architecture to store, process and publish the data. Results about pipeline and hardware performance with data collected during the first months of JAST/T80 operation will be presented.

Publicación completa >>

The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre in Spain is a new astronomical facility particularly conceived for carrying out large sky surveys with two unprecedented telescopes of unusually large fields of view: the JST/T250, a 2.55m telescope of 3deg field of view, and the JAST/T80, an 83cm telescope of 2deg field of view. The most immediate objective of the two telescopes for the next years is carrying out two unique photometric surveys of several thousands square degrees, J-PAS[9][14][16] and J-PLUS [14][16], each of them with a wide range of scientific applications, like e.g. large structure cosmology and Dark Energy, galaxy evolution, supernovae, Milky Way structure, exoplanets, among many others. To do that, JST and JAST will be equipped with panoramic cameras under development within the J-PAS collaboration, JPCam and T80Cam respectively, which make use of large format (~ 10k x 10k) CCDs covering the entire focal plane. This paper describes in detail the engineering development of the overall facilities and infrastructures for the robotic observatory and a global overview of current status and future actions to perform from engineering point of view.

Publicación completa >>

There are many ways to solve the challenging problem of making a high performance robotic observatory from scratch. The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ) is a new astronomical facility located in the Sierra de Javalambre (Teruel, Spain) whose primary role will be to conduct all-sky astronomical surveys. The OAJ control system has been designed from a global point of view including astronomical subsystems as well as infrastructures and other facilities. Three main factors have been considered in the design of a global control system for the robotic OAJ: quality, reliability and efficiency. We propose CIA (Control Integrated Architecture) design and OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) as a key performance indicator in order to improve operation processes, minimizing resources and obtaining high cost reduction whilst maintaining quality requirements. The OAJ subsystems considered for the control integrated architecture are the following: two wide-field telescopes and their instrumentation, active optics subsystems, facilities for sky quality monitoring (seeing, extinction, sky background, sky brightness, cloud distribution, meteorological station), domes and several infrastructure facilities such as water supply, glycol water, water treatment plant, air conditioning, compressed air, LN2 plant, illumination, surveillance, access control, fire suppression, electrical generators, electrical distribution, electrical consumption, communication network, Uninterruptible Power Supply and two main control rooms, one at the OAJ and the other remotely located in Teruel, 40km from the observatory, connected through a microwave radio-link. This paper presents the OAJ strategy in control design to achieve maximum quality efficiency for the observatory processes and operations, giving practical examples of our approach.

Publicación completa >>